Home health aides (HHA) help older adults that need assistance and the disabled, chronically ill or cognitively impaired. These patients may live in their own homes or a residential facility or they may be patient’s at a hospice or day program. Also called home care aides or personal and home care aides, home health aides  may perform light housekeeping duties, shop for food, plan and prepare meals, assist with bathing and perform basic health-related duties such as taking patient’s pulse, temperature, and respiration rate.

DNP stands for Doctor of Nursing Practice. Nursing professionals that hold a Doctor of Nursing Practice work in a variety of leadership positions in various health settings. They provide care based on scientific knowledge, which helps them improve safety, effectiveness, timeliness, efficiency, and equity in patient-centered care (Duke.edu). Career options range from leadership roles in clinical practice to administration to teaching. Both the DNP and BSN to DNP programs will prepare students for entry into these fields and many others.

A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) is a 4-year degree that prepares students to work in a variety of healthcare settings from public and community health to specialized care. The BSN program also prepares students for graduate and doctorate level study. Most BSN students are registered nurses (RNs) already working in the field. These individuals have chosen to pursue a BSN for higher pay, advancement opportunities, more responsibility, or in preparation for an advanced degree program.

A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) is a 4-year degree that prepares students to work in a variety of healthcare settings from public and community health to specialized care. The BSN program also prepares students for graduate and doctorate level study. Many BSN students are registered nurses (RNs) already working in the field. These individuals have chosen to pursue a BSN for better pay, advancement opportunities, more responsibility, or in preparation for an advanced degree program.

An Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) prepares students to sit for the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN) to become a registered nurse (RN). While an ADN will help you meet the qualifications to become a registered nurse and provide basic care, in order to qualify for higher level positions in say, nurse education, public health, or some leadership positions, employers usually prefer a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) or higher.

A vocational nurse (more commonly "licensed vocational nurse, LVN" or “licensed practical nurse, LPN”) provides basic nursing care to patients in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and doctors offices. Many work in home health care as well. While vocational nurses work in a variety of environments, most work in nursing care facilities.

Registered nurses (RNs) make up the nation’s largest healthcare occupation with more than 2.7 million jobs in 2012. According to The Big Book of Jobs, regardless of specialty or work setting, these highly skilled healthcare professionals treat and educate patients and the public about various medical conditions, and provide advice and emotional support to patient’s family members.

Medical transcriptionists listen to dictated recordings made by doctors and other healthcare professionals and transcribe them into correspondence, medical reports, and other administrative documents. They use the Internet or a variety of offline technology platforms to transcribe recordings and edit as needed for clarity and grammar. The specific types of reports transcriptionists produce include medical history and physical exam reports, autopsy reports, discharge summaries, referral letters, operative reports, diagnostic imaging summaries, and consultation reports.

Medical billing and coding specialists are responsible for making sure patients, health insurance companies, and others are being billed correctly and paid on time. They "code and categorize information for insurance reimbursement purposes, for databases and registries, and to maintain patients' medical and treatment histories," says the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Medical billing and coding specialists work primarily in doctors offices and hospitals.

Medical assistants are responsible for performing certain clinical and administrative tasks for the offices of physicians, clinics, medical centers, and surgical centers. Specific tasks vary by the location and size of the office, and specialty. Medical assistants may specialize in administrative medical assisting, clinical medical assisting, ophthalmic assisting, podiatric, chiropractic, and many others.

Although they work in all regions across the U.S., California is home to the nation’s largest population of medical assistants.

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